Wednesday, April 30, 2014

Neurological Problems occur in about 20% of XP patient

E Mild to severe spasticity, poor coordination, developmental delay, deafness and short stature
E May develop in late childhood or adolescence
E Once the neurological problem occur they tend to worsen over time.

Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Eye problem occur in nearly 80% of XP Patients

E Eyes become painfully sensitive to the sun ¾ Photophobia
E Eyes easily irritated, bloodshot and clouded ¾ Conjunctivitis may occur
E Non-cancerous as well as Cancerous growth on the eyes may occur.

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Signs & Symptoms of XP ..... (3/3)

Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) usually has 3 stages:

Then 3rd stage the development of Solar Keratoses& Skin Cancer. These may occur as early as age 4-5 years and are more prevalent in sun exposed areas such as the face.

The common skin cancers: Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma occur significantly more often in people with XP. Other complications including eye and neurological problems are also apparent in patients with XP.

Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Signs & Symptoms of Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) ..... (2/3)

Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) usually has 3 stages:

Continued sun exposure leads to the 2nd stage ¾ characterized by Poikiloderma, where the irregular patches of the lightened/darkened skin, a spider web-like collection of blood spots and vessels are seen through the skin and these is thinning of the skin.

Monday, April 21, 2014

Signs & Symptoms of Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) ..... (1/3)

Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) usually has 3 stages:

The 1st stage occurs around 6 months after birth (though the skin appears normal at the time of birth) with the following signs:

Ê Areas exposed to the sun such as the face show a reddening of the skin with scaling and frecking. Irregular dark spots may also begin to appear.
Ê The changes in skin progress the neck and lower legs. In severe cases the trunk may be involves.
Ê In the winter months these changes may diminish

Tuesday, April 8, 2014

HISTORY ..... (2/2)

In 1932, de Sanctis and Cacchione described three brothers in the same family with features of XP, mental deficiency, dwarfism, and gonadal hypoplasia with progressive neurological degeneration beginning at 2 years of age (de Sanctis and Cacchione, 1932). This severe phenotype is not commonly observed.

XP was described in a black African in 1938 (Loewenthal and Trowell, 1938; Figure 1c) and in an American black in 1940 (King and Hamilton, 1940).

Monday, April 7, 2014

HISTORY OF XP ..... (1/2)

The road to the current understanding of ‘Xeroderma Pigmentosum’ [XP] started in late 19th century with Dr. Moriz Kaposi, a Hungarian-born professor of dermatology in Vienna. In 1874, Kaposi described 4 patients with ‘Xeroderma’ or ‘‘parchment skin’’ in the early textbook of dermatology (Hebra and Kaposi, 1874), which he wrote with Professor Ferdinand Hebra, his father-in-law (Kraemer et al., 1987). ‘‘In addition to the parchment-like dryness, thinness, and wrinkling of the epidermis, the checkered pigmentation and the small dilatations of the vessels, the most remarkable symptoms were the contraction and, at the same time, thinning of the skin’’, features designating poikiloderma.

In 1883, Albert Neisser of Breslau, Germany reported XP with neurological abnormalities in 2 siblings who had XP with progressive neurological degeneration beginning in the second decade (Neisser, 1883). At present, approximately ~25% of XP patients in the United States develop progressive neurological degeneration (Bradford et al., 2011; Table 1 & Figure 1d).

In 1878, Dr. RW Taylor, MD, of New York reported the first few patients in USA at the inaugural meeting of American Dermatological Association. In 1888, he reviewed the world literature and reported a total of 40 cases (Taylor, 1888).

Thursday, April 3, 2014


The frequency of Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) is 1:250,000 populations in USA.

In Europe it is also approximately in every 250,000 births.

In Japan, XP frequency is 6 times higher, I in every 40,000 births.

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

What is Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP)?

Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis, where the patients have genetic inability to repair DNA damage, induced by ultraviolet light (UV Light). This clinically demonstrates as photosensitivity and has an incidence of skin cancer, higher than 1000 times, higher than the average.

Tuesday, April 1, 2014

Life Without Sun !!!

What if you are never allowed to go outside and play?

Unable to enjoy picnic in the park…..Swim in the Ocean!!!.....Rome around in the amusement park?!!!

A winter morning and you are just not allowed to feel the heat of the Sun !!!

A SUNNY DAY is CURSE for YOU !!!!!

Sounds impossible!!! L

There is a rare genetic disorder ¾ Xeroderma Pigmentosum ¾ where you are only safe under the moonlight!!!